Motif 13: Nature's Healing
German name: Waldes Morgenpracht, Waldesrauschen
Below: the first version of the Nature motive (Act I):
Act I: Nature's healing (Hans Knappertsbusch, George London; ogg format)
Below: the second, expanded version of the Nature motive incorporating the turning figure A (Act I):
Ernest Newman described the first appearance of this melody (
Nach wilder Schmerzensnacht nun Waldes Morgenpracht) as
a little vignette of the beauty
and solace of uncorrupted nature. Hans von Wolzogen called it, the Rustling of the Forest. It returns with Parsifal in the third act, at
soll ich mich denen
jetzt entwunden wähnen, da dieses Waldesrauschen wieder ich vernehme (bars 290-293). But now all is changed and the rustling of the forest is harmonised with mystical chords.
Verändert denkt mich Alles. Act III: Forest murmurs (Reginald Goodall, Jon Vickers; ogg format)
Below: the motive returns transformed (Act III):
It is a composite of (A), which is also part of the Agony motif and which first appears towards the end of the prelude to the first act, and (B), which might represent Nature. Both appear in the first- act transformation music. Note that this variant of Nature includes the three-note fragment that I have labelled as the Ethical Question motif.
References: von Wolzogen ex.8, Lorenz pp.26-28, Lavignac p.448-9 "the breeze", Kufferath ex.12, Newman ex.14, ENO ex.40, Bauer pp.40-43.